By Pastor Jeff Alexander
“For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. How then shall
they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him
of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? And how
shall they preach, except they be sent? . . . So then faith cometh by hearing, and
hearing by the word of God” (Romans 10:13-15, 17).
In Romans 10:13 God makes a promise that whoever calls upon the name of the Lord
will be saved—saved from his sins. (The whole human race is in danger of the wrath
of God that threatens punishment for those sins.)
In making this promise, several rhetorical questions are posed, outlining the conditions
that make it possible for one to call on the name of the Lord. The first condition
is that one cannot call on someone in whom they have no trust or confidence (“believed”).
“How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed?”
The second condition is that one can have no confidence in a person unless that person
has given him reason for his confidence. “How shall they believe in him of whom they
have not heard?”
The text here requires a bit of explanation. The Authorized Version (KJV) has “How
shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard?” Many interpreters, however,
argue that “of” should be dropped in order to read, “How shall they believe in him
whom they have not heard?” Simply hearing about Christ does not give one faith to
trust Him; one must actually hear Christ Himself, not by an audible voice, but through
the Word of God. As Christ Himself speaks to the sinner, the sinner responds in faith
and trust. It is for this interpretation that this article contends, seeking to demonstrate
its truth from Scripture.
The third rhetorical question concerns how the sinner hears Christ in order to believe
in Him. “How shall they hear without a preacher?” The fourth concerns the qualification
of the messenger. “How shall they preach, except they be sent?” That is, no one will
hear Christ without a qualified preacher (literally “a herald”) of God’s Word—one
who is duly called and commissioned by God. Not all pastors and ministers have authority
from God to preach and so are not used of God to call His people to salvation.
Paul’s main point in this section of Romans is that calling on the name of the Lord
requires ones believing in Christ. To believe in Christ, he must hear His voice through
the gospel proclaimed by a divinely commissioned messenger of God’s Word (vs. 17).
We assert that Christ Himself calls His own to salvation through the preacher as
he proclaims His Word (cf. Ephesians 2:17).
The Bible is clear that there is a body of people whom God has given to Christ to
save (John 17:6, 9, 11, 24; Hebrews 2:13). These people were “chosen in him before
the foundation of the world” (Ephesians 1:4; Mark 3:20; John 13:18; 15:16, 19; Romans
16:13; 1 Corinthians 1:28; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 17:14).
They are called the elect of God (Romans 8:33; Colossians 3:12; 2 Timothy 2:10; Titus
1:1; 1 Peter 1:2; 2:6). They are Christ’s sheep (John 10:3-5, 8, 14-16, 26-29).
Jesus Christ is the Good Shepherd of His flock (Luke 12:32; Acts 20:28; 1 Peter 5:2)—His
sheep (Luke 15:6; John 21:16-17). It is for His sheep that He laid down His life
(John 10:11), and it is to them that He gives eternal life (John 10:28).
According to John 10, the two marks that identify Christ’s sheep are (1) that they
know His voice (10:4, 14), and (2) that they follow Him (10:4, 27).
When the Jews asked Jesus concerning His identity (10:24), He explained that He had
already told them but they did not believe Him (10:25). Then Jesus explained to them
the reasons for their not believing on Him: (1) because they were not His sheep (10:26),
and (2) because they did not hear His voice (implied in verse 27). His sheep do hear
This is exactly what Paul said in Romans 10:13-14. One must call on the name of the
Lord in order to be saved. However, to call on Him requires that one must first believe
in Him, and that to believe in Him, one must also hear His voice.
The Voice of the Son of God
Our Lord’s own words in John 5 confirm the truth that we are asserting. In the context
of this chapter, the Jews sought to kill Jesus because He had declared His equality
with God (5:18). Here, Jesus explained that He had come to work the Father’s work
(5:19-20). As it was the Father’s work to raise the dead, so it was also the work
of the Son to raise the dead (to “quicken” whom He would, 5:21). (Please note that
Christ quickens whom He will. He does not wait for the dead to will to be quickened,
as if the dead could will to be quickened).
Next, Christ announced this startling truth: “The hour is coming and now is, when
the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that hear shall live (5:25;
see also Ephesians 2:2). He was referring here to quickening the spiritually dead,
not the physically dead, as some suppose. This fact is proven by the following where
Christ says, “Marvel not at this [that He can raise the spiritually dead, v. 25].”
For Christ also has authority from the Father to raise the physically dead. “The
hour is coming”, He continues, “in which all that are in the graves [the physically
dead], shall hear his voice, and shall come forth” (vv. 28, 29).
It is the voice of the Son of God that quickens the dead, both spiritually and physically.
Therefore, no one will call upon Christ for salvation who has not heard His voice
and come out of his spiritual grave. The raising of Lazarus in John 11 illustrates
“Lazarus, Come Forth!”
Jesus’ friend Lazarus died and was buried. When the Lord came to Lazarus’ sisters
after the funeral, He was met with a rebuke. If He had been there, the sisters were
confident, Lazarus would still be alive. Jesus could have healed him of his illness
(11:21, 32). Jesus assured Martha, “Thy brother shall rise again” (11:23). However,
Martha was thinking only of some future resurrection day when all the dead would
be raised. Jesus responded that He was the resurrection, not some future day (11:25,
The hardness and unbelief that were evident all around Him caused our Lord to groan
in His spirit (11:33, 38). He asked to be taken to the grave. There He commanded
that the stone be taken away. After some initial protest, the request was honored,
and Jesus stood in the opening of the cave. With a loud voice Jesus called the dead
Lazarus to life, and “he that was dead came forth” (11:44).
Lazarus lived because he heard the voice of the Son of God. He did not live because
he willed to live but because the Son willed that he should live. Also, we may be
quite sure that when Lazarus heard Christ’s voice, he willingly obeyed His command
to come forth! No dead one can will to be raised, but once raised, he can then certainly
will to come to Jesus.
This is not a popular truth. What is frequently taught in evangelical churches today
is that God cannot force anyone to be saved. Only as the sinner is willing to come
to Jesus is Jesus able to save him. However, we must weigh this concept with what
is clearly taught in the Word of God.
Paul declared in Romans 10:13 that whoever will call upon the name of the Lord will
be saved. The question is, who will call upon the name of the Lord? To answer this
question, Paul asks four rhetorical questions: (1) How shall they call on the Lord
if they do not believe in the Lord? (2) How shall they believe in the Lord if they
have not heard the Lord? (3) How shall they hear the Lord if they do not have a gospel
proclamation? (4) How shall they have a preacher if God does not commission and send
Paul summarizes this evangelical truth in the seventeenth verse: “So then faith cometh
by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” The term “word” in this verse is the
Greek word rhema, not logos. Rhema emphasizes what is spoken. Faith comes when Christ
speaks and is heard. Now, have you heard His voice? Has He called you out as one
of His sheep? Have you followed Him?
Many claim to know and serve Christ, but they do not follow Him. They want to be
their own shepherd. They graze in the pastures of sin and worldly pleasure. They
respond to the voice of strangers (John 10:5) and follow them. However, the Lord’s
sheep do not do these things nor will they ever hear Him say to them, “I never knew
you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity” (Matt. 7:23).
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